Robert Hooke’s discovery of the cell has allowed biologists to better understand living organism. Hooke’s work and discoveries mark the moment microscopy came of age as a scientific discipline.
In 1664 Hooke turned his microscope onto a thin sheet of dried cork and found it to be composed of a tightly packed pattern of tiny rectangular holes. He saw that the cork resembled the structure of honeycomb consisting of many little compartments. Actually, cork had large open cells. That’s why Hooke was able to see them all. He published his work in a book ‘Micrographia’ in 1665.
In 1674, Anton von Leeuwenhoek, A Dutch microscopist, made an improvement microscope and using this microscope he discovered the free living cells in pond water for the first time. He used a simple microscope that he had made, using a tiny glass bead for a lens.
It wasn’t until the 1830 that the widespread importance of cells was realized. In 1838, Matthias Schleiden, a German lawyer turned botanist, concluded that despite differences in the structure of various tissue plant were made of cells and that the plant embryo arose from a single cell.
Discovery of cells