Thursday, November 6, 2008

Brief History of World Wide Web

Brief History of World Wide Web
World Wide Web was created by English scientist working with CERN or European Organization for Nuclear Research. Tim Berners-Lee the oxford graduates created it in 1989 and released in 1992.

The first Web server was made public on the internet before Christmas, although no one had the means to make much use of it.

Before that in 1980, Tim Berners-Lee wrote a note book program, “Enquire Within Upon Everything”, which allows links to be made between arbitrary nodes. Each note had a title, a type and a list of bidirectional type links.

On April 30, 1993 CERN announced that the World Wide Web would be free for anyone without any fees. The arrival of the World Wide Web was to the Internet like the arrival of the internal combustion engine to the country lane, Internet transport would never be the same again.

The first recorded description of the social interactions that could be enabled through networking was a series of memos written by J.C.R. Licklider of MIT in August 1962 discussing his "Galactic Network" concept.

One of the main features of the WWW documents is their hypertext structure. The term hypertext was coined by Ted Nelson in his book "Literary Machines," where he defined it as "non-sequential writing," and only later it became considered a medium limited to computers. In 1960 Ted Nelson developed the modern version of hypertext. Learning from Ted Nelson's ideas, Tim Berners-Lee of CERN conceived the idea of the World-Wide Web in 1989.

By year end 1992, there were over 50 web servers, located mostly at universities and research centers. In mid 1999 the number of servers had grown to nearly 800,000 and by 2001 there were over 20 million.

It was 1990 when Tim Berners-Lee, using a NeXT computer, wrote the first web browser-editor, later called “Nexus”. Three years later, another pioneer of the internet, Marc Andreesen, as an undergraduate at the University of Illinois, develop the graphic interface browser named “Mosaic”. This software was the forerunner to the popular Netscape browser called “Navigator.”

By the end of 1993 various browsers could access about 600 websites. There were close to 10,000 sites by 1995; 100,000 by 1996; and about 650,000 in 1997.

The internet has forced companies to adjust. The web has added yet another leg to the marketing stool making the business environment more competitive. And everyday access is becoming faster and easier.
Brief History of World Wide Web
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